Dating hand planes
Molding, grooving and dado planes, including plow, dado, beading, etc., have historically been dedicated wooden planes with the profile and pre-set offset from the edge of the board built-in.This translated to having a different wooden plane for each application, and could get cumbersome for the cabinetmaker of the time.Vintage Stanley combination planes have always intrigued me.Hand plane technology progressed through the centuries with wooden planes making way for metal-bodied planes.I read about and also noticed that there is a large built-in gap ahead of the interchangeable blades which results in a large mouth opening.This presents an issue with gnarly woods, so it is recommended that straight-grained woods be used.All wood components are original rosewood, the plane body itself is nickel-plated. The skates serve to both support the blade at the rear and to create a bearing surface for the plane to ride in along the board being grooved.The adjustable, sliding skate can be removed for the narrowest, 1/4 in. The fixed, single skate is sufficient for support of the smallest cutter.
Note: An example of a type 3 bench plane in the original box with the sales receipt inside has been observed on an online auction site. The changes in fittings and finish found on the type 3 were likely the result of war time shortages. Since the change marks the return to an earlier design, a new type designation has not been created for these planes.
I set the blade for a very light cut to compensate for this, however this translates to many more strokes to arrive at the same point. 45 has an adjustable depth stop which works very well. 45 had an fence adjustable with a fence adjusting screw setup which makes it easier to tweak the fence.
I disassembled and cleaned this particular plane to become familiar with the different components.
Variations: treatment of inverted triangle on cutter stamp. Although decades-old illustrations represent the bench planes in the main part of the catalog, artwork for the new No. Descriptions for the bench planes are identical to those used in 1949 except the word “goncalo” replaces the word “rosewood.” Although red frogs continue to be mentioned in catalog descriptions through 1967, a type 5 plane with other than a black frog has yet to be reported.
This website has primarily been set up in the hopes of assisting collectors, sellers and users in identifying the many types of woodworking planes that were manufactured by Sargent & Company over a 77 year period from 1887 to 1964.Three of the straight cutters (1/4 in, 5/16 in., 3/8 in.